What Are The Differences Between Urologist And Urogynecologist?

What Are The Differences Between Urologist And Urogynecologist? post thumbnail image

Urology and urogynecology specialty focus on different aspects of gynecological/urological medicine. While both specialties focus on conditions that impact the urinary canal, they have significant differences. This article will teach you the differences and conditions treated by urologists and Urogynecologists.

What is Urology?

It is a medical specialization focusing on men’s and women’s urinary systems. Urologists treat and evaluate a variety of conditions. These include urinary system infections, kidney stones, bladder cancer, prostate cancer, and infertility.

Urologists can be medical doctors that have completed a specialized training program in urology. They are experts in anatomy, physiology, and medical treatment of conditions affecting the urinary system.

What is Urogynecology?

Urogynecology (a subspecialty in obstetrics/gynecology) focuses on diagnosing and treating conditions relating to the pelvic organs, female reproductive organs, and the pelvic floors. Urogynecologists evaluate and manage pelvic organ dysfunction, urinary and bowel incontinence, and pelvic pain.

Urogynecologists are doctors who have specialized in urogynecology. They are experts in the anatomy of the female reproductive system and pelvic organs.

What Is the Difference between Urologists & Urogynecologists?

While urologists are specialists who treat problems relating to the urinary canal, there is a difference between them.

Care and Focus

Urologists at LMA specialize in the urinary tract of both men and women. They are trained to diagnose, treat, and prevent conditions such as bladder cancer, prostate and kidney cancer, infertility, and urinary tract infections.

Urogynecologists, on the other, concentrate primarily on the female reproductive and urinary systems, such as the bladder, uterus, and vagina. They are trained to diagnose and treat such conditions as urinary and pelvic incontinence, prolapse of pelvic and bowel organs, and pelvic and bladder pain.


Urologists and Urogynecologists require different training. Urologists, who are medical doctors, have completed a residency that lasts for five years. Urogynecologists can also be medical doctors. However, they have completed their residency in Obstetrics and Gynecology. This is followed by an urogynecology fellowship lasting between one to two years.

Surgical Procedures

Both urologists (urogynecologists) and urogynecologists (urogynecologists) perform surgical procedures. However, they can perform different procedures. Urologists might perform bladder reconstructions, urethral repairs, or prostatectomy. Urogynecologists might perform vaginal reconstructive surgery, sacrocolpopexy, or transvaginal meshed removal.

Patient Population

Urologists can treat men and women, but urogynecologists only treat women. Urologists can also treat male patients with conditions like urinary continence.


Urology is one of two medical specialties that deal with gynecological-urological problems. Urologists diagnose and treat urinary tract diseases in both men and women. Urogynecologists examine the female reproductive organs.

There are differences in the patient populations and training requirements between the two specialties. If you have any questions, please get in touch with us.

When you experience symptoms relating to the female or male reproductive system, talk to your healthcare provider about which specialist may be best to help address your needs.

A referral to a specialized doctor may be necessary in some cases. If you suffer from urinary issues, your urologist may refer you to them for an evaluation and treatment.

Both urologists & urogynecologists can play a key role in diagnosing & treating urological/gynecological issues. By working together, they can provide comprehensive treatment to patients and improve outcomes for those with urological and female conditions.

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